Who is considered an Indigenous person in Canada? There are three "groups": First Nations (referred to as Indians under Canada's Indian Act), the Inuit and the Metis.
In Canada, Indigenous peoples day is celebrated annually as a federal holiday on June 21 called "National Aboriginal Day".
Indigenous people in Canada's history is thought to go back 12,000 years.
The book Canadian Law and Business Studies, co-authored by Norman Fera and Richard Gasparini, contains a full chapter on "Indigenous Rights".
United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (“UNDRIP”): The B.C. government is working on incorporating that declaration in legislation as part of its reconciliation endeavours. UNDRIP: UNDRIP_E_web.pdf. Ontario's Bill 76 (of 2019) proposed a law requiring all measures necessary be taken to ensure that the laws of the province be consistent with the United Nations Declaration.
Indigenous Self-Government in Child and Family Services
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Property Protections for Those on a Reserve
Spousal Rights on a Reserve: The federal Family Homes on Reserves and Matrimonial Interests or Rights Act applies on reserve lands and may be used to address division of the value of matrimonial Interests or rights, exclusive possession of a home due to family violence and emergency protection orders. The provisions in the statute apply unless Fist Nations have made their own laws on such subjects as part of their rights to self-government.
What is the “day scholars settlement”? Between the 1860s and 1980s, there were Indian Day Schools with their own curriculum that First Nations children attended and who were allowed to go home after classes. The goal was to assimilate these children into the dominant culture.
What is the Gottfriedson case? It is a class action lawsuit that was settled and includes payment to the bands of some 325 First Nations for loss of language and culture. As part of this court claim, settlement was also reached to compensate children who attended Indian Day Schools (as opposed to residential schools).
What is the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement? Those Indigenous children who attended residential schools were part of a settlement back in 2006 paid by the federal government. Apart from the unfortunate common experience of a curriculum and teaching designed to erase their language and culture, some children experienced physical and sexual abuse at the residential schools and the survivors, and their descendants received additional compensation.
Kindly note our alternate site: https://www.fera-gasparini.ca/. Check it for additional introductory notes or context on Indigenous Rights.